Classification

Species category: Flying pest
Scientific name: Musca Domestica

Description

There are 2 different species: 

- Musca domestica (Common Housefly)
- Fannia canicularis (Lesser Housefly)

6-12mm in length, the common housefly is predominately grey whilst the lesser housefly is grey with an extensive yellow patch at the base of the abdomen. Originally a native of temperate regions, the housefly is now common all across the world. Both types of fly are highly active indoors. Lesser houseflies can tolerate cool climates and are frequently encountered in poultry houses. Both are happiest in warm climates, where they easily locate decaying food to hatch eggs. In cooler conditions, flies struggle, becoming less active, leading to a reduced development rate. 

Behaviour

Common houseflies have a flight range of at least 8Km. They are highly active indoors, particularly in daylight and rest at night. They require constant food to maintain energy levels and favour a sugary diet, excreting faeces everywhere. A fly only ingests liquid food and releases saliva on food as it lands. The saliva instantly pre-digests food to soak it up through its spongy mouth. They thrive in dirty areas, on exposed food or in waste bins which are quickly located in warm weather thanks to the intense odour. 

Risks

More than a dirty nuisance, flies are known carriers of a wide variety of pathogens that can be passed to humans causing diseases such as:

  • Typhoid, 
  • Dysentery 
  • Diarrhoea….the list is extensive. 

They constantly excrete faeces and also vomit partially digested food, contaminating surfaces and food where they land, this leads to further disease risks.

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  • This is a short note to let you know that my wife and I are very pleased with the recent work you did treating our white ant infestation. Discovery of white ants eating our Bathroom wall was certainly alarming but we became even more concerned when our enquiries to a number of other companies about treating the problem raised more questions than answers. From the outset we were very pleased with not only the thoughtfulness with which you went about your work but also your high degree of professionalism.
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