Classification

Species category: Bed bug and Flea
Scientific name: Cimex lectularius
Family: Cimicidae

Description

Adults are 5mm in length but they expand by 3-6 times after a blood meal. They are reddish-brown in colour, becoming purple after feeding and have well developed antennae with clawed feet which can climb rough surfaces better than smooth ones. Found in human habitations throughout the world. Bed bugs travel by hitching a ride with their host and despite the name, are found in more areas than the bedroom. They get into the home in suitcases, bags, second-hand furniture or laundry, and travel to find the right host. 

Behaviour

Bed Bugs are exclusively blood-sucking, feeding on man and warm blooded animals. Some blood feeding bugs such as Pigeon Bug (Cimex columbarius) can be found infesting bird nests and bat roosts. Bed bugs bite the exposed skin of its host. It’s why they prefer humans to animals with fur. Experts at hiding, it is difficult to locate every insect. They are incredibly patient, waiting up to 1 year to find the perfect host for a blood meal.  Bed bugs feed on a host for 5-10 minutes. They inject saliva that has anaesthetic and anti-coagulant properties, increasing blood flow and guaranteeing that the host won’t feel the bite.

Risks

Bed bugs are not vectors of disease but can be a nuisance when they bite. For some, bites can cause allergic reactions and secondary infections from excessive scratching of the area. They are so small it is incredibly difficult to spot an infestation and tricky to eradicate completely. This insect population grows fast and can destroy bedding and soft furnishings by staining with faecal matter.

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What Our Clients Are Saying

  • This is a short note to let you know that my wife and I are very pleased with the recent work you did treating our white ant infestation. Discovery of white ants eating our Bathroom wall was certainly alarming but we became even more concerned when our enquiries to a number of other companies about treating the problem raised more questions than answers. From the outset we were very pleased with not only the thoughtfulness with which you went about your work but also your high degree of professionalism.
    Mitch Maroochydore – Feb 2018
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